Located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar is a popular tourist destination that’s rich in history. The area offers beautiful beaches, religious and military historical sites and plenty of adventure opportunities.

History of Gibraltar

Experts believe that the area of Gibraltar has been inhabited since 950 BC. Over history, ownership of Gibraltar has changed almost too many times to count. In 1713, to ensure Britain’s withdrawal from the War of Spanish Succession, the land of Gibraltar was ceded to Britain with  the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht.

After the British gained control, they established a naval base in Gibraltar. This base would prove immensely crucial in battles over the years, from the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar during the Crimean War to the 1942 Operation Pedestal during World War II.

After World War II, Gibraltar was released back to Spain’s control, to the dismay of Gibraltarians, who wanted remain under Britain’s sovereign control. Since then, there has been a contentious battle over Gibraltar’s sovereignty and independence from Spain.

Military Historical Attractions

As you can imagine given its lengthy military history, Gibraltar is known for its historical military attractions. From war memorials to the hidden tunnels from World War II, a historian or war buff will be in heaven in Gibraltar. What’s more? Many of these attractions come at little to no cost.

Natural Attractions

Gibraltar is home to many beautiful natural attractions. From Gibraltar Nature Reserve, the most prominent national landmark, to the Gibraltar Botanical Gardens to the Alameda Wildlife Conservation Park, there are many areas to explore. You can also travel to one of Europe’s southernmost points to view the Europa Point & Lighthouse, go on a dolphin sighting boat tour or explore St. Michaels’ Cave and Lower St Michael’s Cave, which features a natural lake.

Adventure Attractions

Adventurous souls will find solace in the attractions Gibraltar has to offer. You can go diving and explore the underwater treasures of Gibraltar, explore Lower St Michael’s Cave, hike through the trails of Gibraltar Nature Reserve, or walk through the UNESCO World Heritage Site Buffer Zone stairs. If you’re feeling extra adventurous, there are some more daring attractions, as well. You can take a cable car over Gibraltar, walk on a glass lookout at the top of the Rock or walk across a suspension bridge. Whatever your level of adventure desires, Gibraltar can deliver.

Entertainment Attractions

Gibraltar offers various entertainment attractions in addition to its natural and historical attractions. You can try your luck at one of its two casinos, go shopping in the city or enjoy a lively afternoon and delicious meal in Casemates Square. Gibraltar also features a marina, so you’re likely to catch a glimpse at some gorgeous yachts, too.


Gibraltar doesn’t just have a rich history—it also has a rich list of attractions and activities to keep even the most insatiable traveler content. Whether you want to relax at the beach, learn more about the destination’s history or get in touch with nature, Gibraltar will not disappoint.